DRY DIRECT SEEDED RICE
As soon as the rainfall has moistened the soil enough to make ploughing possible, the land is ploughed (in late April, May, or early June). In the heavy clay soils of the central plain, the seed is broadcast within a few days of ploughing, before the next shower. Much of the seed falls into cracks between, around, or under the overhang of large clods. When the next shower comes, the heavy clay clods slake down, so that the clod fragments cover most of the seed. In irrigated areas, the field will be irrigated after seeding to promote germination.
PREGERMINATED DIRECT SEEDED
Under the pre-germinated direct seeded rice broadcasting method, in areas where irrigation or water control is possible or the fields have some standing water, the farmers can direct-seed into the soil with wetland preparation.
Transplanting is a method of growing rice. For transplanting, seedlings are first grown in a seedbed for a month while the main fields are being ploughed along the bunds surrounding each paddy. When each field has been prepared, the seedlings are pulled from the seedbed and then transplanted in the field by hand.